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DNP3 Protocol Explained in Details DNP3 Protocol or stack is an abbreviation for Distributed Network Protocol which is simply a set of communication protocols used in utilities such as the water and electric companies. Other companies rarely use the DNP3 protocols. To ease communication between different types of equipment that are used to collect data it would be wise to use DNP3 stack. For supervisory management and control DNP3 protocols are used. The DNP3 protocols are used by the SCADA systems to pass data from master stations to remote terminals units or intelligent electronic Devices (IEDs). It’s interesting how the DNP3 protocol came into being. To permit interoperability between different vendors SCADA components for the electric grid a standard was required and that’s how DNP3 protocol came about.
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DNP3 protocol gives dependable communications in the remote areas that are not suitable for installing electric utility automation systems. The use of DNP3 protocol could help overcome the distortion induced by the EMI. DNP3 stack helps improve the lifespan of the aging components. Through the use of DNP3 protocol poor transmission media would improve drastically.
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The people who developed DNP3 stack ensured that it offered the highest dependability possible. However, its security is questionable. Malicious people or hackers could interfere with the DNP3 protocol. So control systems and critical infrastructure could be interfered with especially if the DNP3 stack is the major communication protocol. Improved security of the DNP3 stack has somehow reassured their use. DNP3 stack has gotten authentication features that assure improved security. Since the DNP3 protocol complies with IEC 62351-5 they are deemed suitable. The compliance of DNP3 protocol with the IEC 62351-5 makes it less challenging when switching to either of the two. Firmness, efficiency and ability to be interoperable than the aged protocols makes DNP3 very suitable. Due to its complexity the DNP3 stack cannot be compared with other protocols. If you need a protocol that offers multiplexing and data fragmentation you need to settle for DNP3 stack. To check for errors and link control you could use the DNP3 protocol. The DNP3 stack also supports time synchronization with RTU. The sequence of events that happens in between the polls could be received adequately by the DNP3 stack to reconstruct data. To ensure that the protocol a company settles on is adequate a thorough research and analysis should be carried out.